Death Valley, CA-NV 死亡谷


Death Valley, CA-NV 死亡谷 2014.12

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歌曲: 海闊天空

Death Valley, CA-NV 死亡谷 (3 Days Dec. 2014)
Las Vegas - Red Rock Canyon - Death Valley - Badwater Basin - Golden Canyon - Twenty Mule Team Canyon - Scotty Castle - Mesquite Sand Dunes

Death Valley National Park is a national park in the U.S. states of California and Nevada located east of the Sierra Nevada, occupying an interface zone between the arid Great Basin and Mojave deserts in the United States. The park protects the northwest corner of the Mojave Desert and contains a diverse desert environment of salt-flats, sand dunes, badlands, valleys, canyons, and mountains. It is the largest national park in the lower 48 states and has been declared an International Biosphere Reserve. Approximately 95% of the park is a designated wilderness area. It is the hottest and driest of the national parks in the United States. The second-lowest point in the Western Hemisphere is in Badwater Basin, which is 282 feet (86 m) below sea level. The park is home to many species of plants and animals that have adapted to this harsh desert environment. Some examples include creosote bush, bighorn sheep, coyote, and the Death Valley pupfish, a survivor of much wetter times.

死亡谷國家公園(Death Valley National Park)主要位於美國加利福尼亞州東南部,一小角延伸入內華達州境內;是世界最低和最干旱地区之一。

长225公里,宽约6-26公里;低于海平面的面积达1408平方公里,最低处低于海平面85米;为美洲大陆的最低点。曾有湖泊存在,现已消失;年降水量不到100毫米;夏季炎热,绝对最高温曾达56.7℃。

地理學上,公園位於北美的盆地與山脈區,這段地區地殼活動頻繁,東面的地殼向東伸展、西面的地殼向西伸展,這裏的地殼便呈條狀下沉,分解成大致為南北走向的地壘(山脈)和地塹(盆地)。盆地和山脈區在死亡谷這裏特別顯著,因為這裏擁有全西半球海拔第二低的地點。由於這裏海拔很低,所以氣候非常炎熱,夏天不適合參觀,每年只有深秋至初春這段時間比較適合遊玩。公園裏有鹽鹼地、沙丘、火山口、峽谷、雪山等,有豐富的地質 地貌,遊客不難找到地殼裏各式各樣的斷層、峽谷往荒漠注入時形成大大小小的沖積扇平原等。(Source: Wikipedia)

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